At Brabourne, all teachers use the White Rose Maths Hub as a process for teaching mathematics. When introducing children to new concepts, they should have the opportunity to build fluency in topics by taking the following approach: Concrete – children should have the opportunity to use concrete objects and manipulatives to help them understand what they are doing. Pictorial – children should build on this concrete approach by using pictorial representations. These representations can then be used to reason and solve problems. Abstract – with the foundations firmly laid, children should be able to move to an abstract approach using numbers and key concepts with confidence. Reasoning and problem solving is encompassed in the above approaches to deepen and master all aspects of mathematics. This policy outlines the different calculation strategies that should be taught and used from Year R to Year 6 in line with the requirements of the Primary National Curriculum 2014. We offer workshops for parents across the school year on ways to support children’s learning.